About the Initiative
Achieving the Dream is a multi-year national initiative to help more community college students succeed (earn degrees, earn certificates or transfer to other institutions to continue their studies). The initiative is particularly concerned about student groups that have faced the most significant barriers to success, including low-income students and students of color.
Achieving the Dream works on multiple fronts, including efforts at participating colleges; research into effective practices at community colleges; public policy work; and outreach to communities, businesses and the public. The initiative includes 14 national partner organizations, 58 community colleges in nine states and many dedicated individuals.
Using data to drive change
- Achieving the Dream focuses colleges and others on understanding and making better
use of data to improve student outcomes.
- Through Achieving the Dream, participating colleges assess what is happening on their
campuses in an open, straightforward and rigorous way ?and then make lasting changes
in their own practices and cultures.
- In the Achieving the Dream model, every decision made at a college ?from setting educational
strategies and allocating resources to scheduling classes and organizing student services
?is grounded in data about student outcomes.
- Central to this work is being open and forth-right about current performance; setting
measurable goals that consider outcomes of all students; and making lasting, institutional
change to achieve them. Because there are disparities in student outcomes at community
colleges, this work includes disaggregating student achievement data and breaking
it down by race, age and other demographic characteristics to better understand and
begin to close performance gaps.
- While many colleges look at data at single points in time, Achieving the Dream colleges
track cohorts of students over a period of time. The 2003 cohort, for example, includes
students who started college in fall 2003. This approach makes it possible to accurately
assess students?progress and outcomes and to identify gaps in achievement.
- The initiative also collects this data from the colleges (without any information
that identifies individuals) and assembles it in the Achieving the Dream database,
the only known database that allows researchers to assess the progress of a group
of community college students. Achieving the Dream researchers are analyzing the progress
of cohorts of all Achieving the Dream students.
The participating colleges
- The first 27 Achieving the Dream colleges started their work in 2004. They are located
in ﬁve states: Florida, New Mexico, North Carolina, Texas and Virginia. These states
were chosen because they have community colleges that enroll large numbers of low-income
students and students of color. These states also have demonstrated interest in implementing
state policies that promote access to and success in community colleges.
- In 2005, three community colleges in Connecticut and five in Ohio joined the initiative.
- In 2006, seven colleges in Pennsylvania, an additional 10 in Texas (including three
open-admission, four-year institutions) and six in Washington state joined the initiative.
- Each participating college has the support of a coach and a data facilitator. Achieving
the Dream coaches, many of whom are former college presidents, have strong track records
as organizational leaders. They help the colleges develop strategies, set priorities
and implement institutional improvements. The data facilitators, generally trained
as institutional researchers, help the colleges analyze data about their students
and use data to develop strategies for improvement, monitor progress and evaluate
- Achieving the Dream colleges work in partnership with their communities, education
leaders, businesses, social service and civic organizations, and other higher education
institutions, as well as with the initiative's national partner organizations, state
policy organizations and other participating community colleges.
- Through a Lumina Foundation for Education grant to Scholarship America, 11 Achieving
the Dream colleges are providing emergency aid for students. This assistance addresses
needs that arise after other forms of financial aid already have been assigned.
Strategies for improvement
- In addition to evaluating their own student data, overall data as well as data broken
down by various student groups, colleges gather input from their students, faculty,
staff and communities. They then adopt strategies for improvement based on these findings.
- Many colleges, for example, are putting a sharper focus on developmental education.
Close to half of community college students (and in some settings, significantly more)
need developmental education. When these students successfully complete their developmental
education programs, they have at least the same chances of completing a degree or
transferring as their peers who began their studies in college-level courses.
- Other strategies include:
- Instructional techniques, such as collaborative learning, paired classes and learning
- Student success courses, which teach critical skills, such as time management and
- Advising services to help students set and meet goals.
- Improving outcomes for gatekeeper courses, such as introductory college-level algebra
- Instructional techniques, such as collaborative learning, paired classes and learning communities.
Research, public policy and public support
- Achieving the Dream participants are conducting research related to improving student
outcomes at community colleges.
- Achieving the Dream participants are building public support for community college
access and success.
- Achieving the Dream participants are advocating public policies such as policies to
improve states' capacities for collecting and analyzing student data and to make financial
aid more accessible to part-time students. This may lead to higher student achievement.
- The organizations leading the state policy efforts are the Connecticut Community Colleges
system office, Florida Department of Education, Knowledge Works Foundation (OH), New
Mexico Association of Community Colleges, North Carolina Community College System,
Texas Association of Community Colleges, Virginia Community College System, and Washington
State Board of Community and Technical Colleges.
- Achieving the Dream has 14 national partner organizations that contribute diverse
strengths and expertise to helping community colleges better serve their students.
- Lumina Foundation for Education provided funding for the initiative’s start-up, funds
the 2004 colleges, and is providing ongoing financial support for other participating
colleges as well as other elements of the initiative.
- Additional funding for the 2005 and 2006 colleges is provided by College Spark Washington,
The Heinz Endowments (PA), Houston Endowment Inc. (10 Houston-area colleges), Knowledge
Works Foundation (OH) and Nellie Mae Education Foundation (CT).